- suspend to RAM (S3) currently fails.
proprietary components status
- CPU Microcode (optional)
- VGA option rom (optional): without it you will get no graphics during early boot, until the kernel initializes the intel graphic card
- ME(Management Engine) => you do not have to touch it(just leave it where it is)
- EC(Embedded Controller) => you do not have to touch it(just leave it where it is)
- you need an external programmer to flash it.
- The flash chip is divided between the ME and the BIOS:
<phcoder> First 5M is ME firmware, last 3M is BIOS/coreboot
- To find exactly where it's divided run that command(the example below is on another laptop):
[root@N71Jq ~]# flashrom -r bios.bin -pinternal:laptop=force_I_want_a_brick flashrom v0.9.6.1-r1564 on Linux 3.8.2-1-LIBRE (x86_64) flashrom is free software, get the source code at http://www.flashrom.org Calibrating delay loop... OK. ======================================================================== WARNING! You may be running flashrom on an unsupported laptop. We could not detect this for sure because your vendor has not setup the SMBIOS tables correctly. You can enforce execution by adding '-p internal:laptop=this_is_not_a_laptop' to the command line, but please read the following warning if you are not sure. Laptops, notebooks and netbooks are difficult to support and we recommend to use the vendor flashing utility. The embedded controller (EC) in these machines often interacts badly with flashing. See http://www.flashrom.org/Laptops for details. If flash is shared with the EC, erase is guaranteed to brick your laptop and write may brick your laptop. Read and probe may irritate your EC and cause fan failure, backlight failure and sudden poweroff. You have been warned. ======================================================================== Proceeding anyway because user forced us to. Found chipset "Intel HM55". This chipset is marked as untested. If you are using an up-to-date version of flashrom *and* were (not) able to successfully update your firmware with it, then please email a report to firstname.lastname@example.org including a verbose (-V) log. Thank you! Enabling flash write... FREG0: WARNING: Flash Descriptor region (0x00000000-0x00000fff) is read-only. FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x001fffff) is locked. Please send a verbose log to email@example.com if this board is not listed on http://flashrom.org/Supported_hardware#Supported_mainboards yet. Writes have been disabled. You can enforce write support with the ich_spi_force programmer option, but it will most likely harm your hardware! If you force flashrom you will get no support if something breaks. OK. Found SST flash chip "SST25VF032B" (4096 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xffc00000. Reading flash... Transaction error! Read operation failed! FAILED.
it will print the ME regions:
FREG2: WARNING: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x001fffff) is locked.
it will also print the chip:
Found SST flash chip "SST25VF032B" (4096 kB, SPI) at physical address 0xffc00000.
=> verify if its voltage match with the programmer voltage...
- Then man flashrom says:
-l, --layout <file> Read ROM layout from <file>. flashrom supports ROM layouts. This allows you to flash certain parts of the flash chip only. A ROM layout file contains multiple lines with the following syntax: startaddr:endaddr imagename startaddr and endaddr are hexadecimal addresses within the ROM file and do not refer to any physical address. Please note that using a 0x prefix for those hexadecimal numbers is not necessary, but you can't specify decimal/octal numbers. imagename is an arbitrary name for the region/image from startaddr to endaddr (both addresses included). Example: 00000000:00008fff gfxrom 00009000:0003ffff normal 00040000:0007ffff fallback If you only want to update the image named normal in a ROM based on the layout above, run flashrom -p prog --layout rom.layout --image normal -w some.rom To update only the images named normal and fallback, run: flashrom -p prog -l rom.layout -i normal -i fallback -w some.rom Overlapping sections are not supported.