FILO

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FILO is a bootloader which loads boot images from a local filesystem, without help from legacy BIOS services.

Expected usage is to flash it into the BIOS ROM together with coreboot.

Download FILO

Download the latest version of FILO from Subversion with

$ svn co svn://coreboot.org/filo/trunk/filo-0.5

You can also browse the source code online at http://openbios.org/viewvc/trunk/?root=FILO

Features

  • Supported boot devices: IDE hard disk, SATA hard disk, CD-ROM, and system memory (ROM)
  • Supported filesystems: ext2, fat, jfs, minix, reiserfs, xfs, and iso9660
  • Supported image formats: ELF and [b]zImage (a.k.a. /vmlinuz)
  • Supports boot disk image of El Torito bootable CD-ROM. "hdc1" means the boot disk image of the CD-ROM at hdc.
  • Supports loading image from raw device with user-specified offset
  • Console on VGA + keyboard, serial port, or both
  • Line editing with ^H, ^W and ^U keys to type arbitrary filename to boot
  • Full support for the ELF Boot Proposal (where is it btw, Eric)
  • Auxiliary tool to compute checksum of ELF boot images
  • Full 32-bit code, no BIOS calls

Requirements

Only the x86 (x64) architecture is currently supported. Some efforts have been made to get FILO running on PPC. Contact the coreboot mailinglist for more information.

x64/AMD 64 machines work fine when compiling FILO in 32-bit mode. (coreboot uses 32-bit mode and Linux kernel does the transition to 64-bit mode)

Recent version of GNU toolchain is required to build.

We have tested with Debian/woody (gcc 2.95.4, binutils 2.12.90.0.1, make 3.79.1), Debian/sid (gcc 3.3.2, binutils 2.14.90.0.6, make 3.80) and different versions of SUSE Linux from 9.0 to 10.3.

On AMD64 for Debian install the gcc-multilib package.

Preparation

First invocation of make creates the default Config file.

 $ make

Configuration

Edit this file as you like. It's fairly straightforward (I hope).

 $ vi Config
#Use the grub menu interface?
USE_GRUB = 1
#Grub menu interface settings
MENULST_FILE = "hda1:/boot/filo/menu.lst"
MENULST_TIMEOUT = 0
#Default parameters for Autoboot (if USE_GRUB is set to 0
AUTOBOOT_FILE = "hda1:/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda1 console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200"
AUTOBOOT_DELAY = 2
#Drivers
IDE_DISK = 1
USB_DISK = 1
PCMCIA_CF = 0
VGA_CONSOLE = 1
PC_KEYBOARD = 1
SERIAL_CONSOLE = 1
SERIAL_IOBASE = 0x3f8
#Filesystems
FSYS_EXT2FS = 1
FSYS_FAT = 1
FSYS_ISO9660 = 1
FSYS_JFS = 0
FSYS_MINIX = 0
FSYS_REISERFS = 1
FSYS_XFS = 0
FSYS_CRAMFS = 0
FSYS_SQUASHFS = 0
#Extra settings
ELTORITO = 1
IDE_DISK_POLL_DELAY = 0
SLOW_SATA = 0
SUPPORT_PCI = 1
PCI_BRUTE_SCAN = 1
SUPPORT_SOUND = 0
VIA_SOUND = 0
#Debugging
DEBUG_ALL=0
DEBUG_ELFBOOT = 0
DEBUG_ELFNOTE = 0
DEBUG_LINUXBIOS = 0
DEBUG_MALLOC = 0
DEBUG_MULTIBOOT = 0
DEBUG_SEGMENT = 0
DEBUG_SYS_INFO = 0
DEBUG_TIMER = 0
DEBUG_BLOCKDEV = 0
DEBUG_PCI = 0
DEBUG_VIA_SOUND = 0
DEBUG_LINUXLOAD = 0
DEBUG_IDE = 0
DEBUG_USB = 0
DEBUG_ELTORITO = 0
#i386 options
LINUX_LOADER = 1
MULTIBOOT_IMAGE = 0

Installation

Then running make again will build filo.elf, the ELF boot image of FILO.

 $ make

Use filo.elf as your payload of coreboot, or a boot image for Etherboot.

If you enable MULTIBOOT_IMAGE option in Config, you can also boot filo.elf from GNU GRUB or other Multiboot bootloader. This feature is intended for testing or development purpose.

Credits

This software was originally developed by SONE Takeshi <ts1@tsn.or.jp> and is now maintained by Stefan Reinauer.

Additional Information

FILO on the ARIMA HDAMA

This is a quick guide for getting coreboot up and running on the Arima HDAMA dual Opteron mainboard. If there are blanks to be filled in, go ahead and either ask on the coreboot mailing list or you can reach me at cro_marmot_at_comcast.net. -- David Hendricks

Quick coreboot install guide for HDAMA, David W. Hendricks, May 13 2004

Requirement: Kernel with framebuffering either in an initrd or compiled statically in. Do not enable the "no BIOS init" option for ATi Mach64 framebuffering. An example .config can be found here: http://home.comcast.net/~zen_weasel/linuxbios_stuff/hdama/kernel.config

Building coreboot

1. Grab the latest CVS code from https://sourceforge.net/cvs/?group_id=3206

2. Add the following lines to src/mainboard/arima/hdama/Config.lb for VGA functionality:

 ## ATI Rage XL framebuffering graphics driver
 dir /drivers/ati/ragexl

3. Edit the targets/arima/hdama/Config.lb file and add this for VGA:

 uses CONFIG_CONSOLE_BTEXT
 option CONFIG_CONSOLE_BTEXT=1

4. Select a payload. Example:

 payload /usr/src/filo-0.4.1_btext/filo.elf

I'll elaborate on this a little later.

5. Run "buildtarget arima/hdama" from the targets/ directory. cd to the arima/hdama/hdama directory and run "make"

6. If all went well during the build process, you should have a coreboot.rom image in targets/arima/hdama/hdama/ .

Back to #4 -- FILO is a file loader for ELF images. It provides minimal bootloader functionality. To build a FILO payload: 1. Download FILO with BText for optional VGA: http://home.comcast.net/~zen_weasel/linuxbios_stuff/hdama/filo_0.4.1_btext.tar.bz2

2. Decompress, edit Config. If you're booting off a disk, you can use a LILO-like line to boot a kernel image. Example:

AUTOBOOT_FILE = "hda1:/boot/x86_64 root=/dev/hda2 console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 vga=792 video=atyfb:mode:1024x768"

Booting a kernel off of the flash your BIOS is on requires that you know exactly it's located. If you do know this information, you can use AUTOBOOT_FILE = "mem@0x00000000" where 0x00000000 is the actual location in hexadecimal.

Also, make sure you have proper filesystem support for whichever partition has your kernel image. Example: FSYS_EXT2FS = 1

An example FILO config file can be found here: [1]

3. Run "make" and you should now have a filo.elf ELF image. Use this as your payload in step #4 for building coreboot.

Troubleshooting

Q: coreboot.strip is too big, image is greater than 64KB A: A good way to reduce image size is simply to reduce the log level. Change these lines in your targets/arima/hdama/Config.lb file:

option DEFAULT_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL=9
option MAXIMUM_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL=9

You can bring them down gradually. I've found that "7" works well with the freebios source I downloaded before writing this.

Installation

Installing SuSE 9.0 AMD64 on a Solo-System:

FILO version 0.4.1 (stepan@prokofjieff) Thu Oct 30 13:29:16 CET 2003
Press <Enter> for default boot, or <Esc> for boot prompt...  
boot: hdc:/boot/loader/linux initrd=/boot/loader/initrd console=ttyS0,115200n8

Notes

To boot a CD-ROM or DVD you only need to specify the drive without a partition number. For example to boot to the primary drive on the secondary IDE channel you would use hdc and not hdc1 in FILO.

If you are using FILO with USE_GRUB = 1, and want to boot to your Linux install disk you have to do a mixture of GRUB and FILO commands.

Like GRUB you have to append a kernel (and parameters), then an initrd, and give a boot command. Like FILO you have to give absolute paths.

Example to boot to a GeeXboX install CD-ROM:

grub>kernel hdc:/GEEXBOX/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/ram0 rw init=linuxrc boot=cdrom installator

Press <ENTER>

grub>initrd hdc:/GEEXBOX/boot/initrd.gz

Press <ENTER>

grub>boot

Press <ENTER>

Your system will now boot right into the Linux install.