Difference between revisions of "GRUB2"

From coreboot
Jump to: navigation, search
(grub.cfg)
Line 29: Line 29:
 
== grub.cfg ==
 
== grub.cfg ==
 
=== Serial ===
 
=== Serial ===
 +
To enable serial, add the following on top of your grub.cfg
 
  serial --speed=115200 --unit=0 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1
 
  serial --speed=115200 --unit=0 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1
 
  terminal_input --append  serial
 
  terminal_input --append  serial
 
  terminal_output --append serial
 
  terminal_output --append serial
 
  
 
== Compiling GRUB2 for being use as a payload ==
 
== Compiling GRUB2 for being use as a payload ==

Revision as of 19:11, 13 March 2013

GRUB2 is a modular, multiboot-capable bootloader for many operating systems that can be used as a payload for coreboot.

features

Security

LUKS disks openning

grub is capable of opening LUKS disks like that:

TODO

Note that you have to type the password and so it's better to have some kind of output(VGA, Serial etc...)

Other features

SeaBIOS launching

grub is capable of launching seabios like that: Add Seabios to the memdisk:

tar uvf ../memdisk.tar ../../seabios/out/bios.bin.elf --transform 's#.*#/bios.bin.elf#'

Then add that to grub.cfg:

menuentry 'SeaBios' {
	set root='memdisk'
	echo    'Loading SeaBios ...'
	chainloader /bios.bin.elf
}

Status

  • The mainline version of GRUB2 has a wiki page on the coreboot port (Update: no longer available)
  • Additional information about our former GRUB2 effort (which was part of Google Summer of Code 2007) can be found in the history of this page. Don't expect any link there to work.
  • As an alternative, you could consider using FILO. Both FILO and GRUB2 have various advantages and disadvantages. Which of the two is better suited depends on your requirements.
  • Yet another alternative is to not put GRUB into the BIOS ROM, but have it run from your disk as you would with a vendor BIOS. For that, you can use SeaBIOS as payload, which will then be able to run either GRUB1 or GRUB2 from your disk.

grub.cfg

Serial

To enable serial, add the following on top of your grub.cfg

serial --speed=115200 --unit=0 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1
terminal_input --append  serial
terminal_output --append serial

Compiling GRUB2 for being use as a payload

See Talk:GRUB2 and here for more details.

Compiling

bzr branch http://bzr.savannah.gnu.org/r/grub/trunk/grub
cd grub
./autogen.sh
./configure --with-platform=coreboot
make

creating the grub payload (with a memdisk)

cd grub-core
tar cvf ../memdisk.tar serial.mod terminal.mod normal.mod echo.mod ahci.mod all_video.mod ata.mod boot.mod cat.mod chain.mod configfile.mod crypto.mod elf.mod ext2.mod extcmd.mod fshelp.mod help.mod linux.mod memdisk.mod minicmd.mod multiboot2.mod pata.mod part_msdos.mod gettext.mod --transform 's#^#/boot/grub/i386-coreboot/#'
tar uvf ../memdisk.tar grub.cfg  --transform 's#^#/boot/grub/#'
../grub-mkimage -d . -O i386-coreboot -o ../../grub2.elf memdisk tar ehci ohci uhci at_keyboard usb_keyboard -m ../memdisk.tar
ls -l -h ../../grub2.elf

creating the grub payload (without a memdisk)

cd grub-core
modules="serial terminal normal echo ahci all_video ata boot cat chain configfile crypto elf ext2 extcmd fshelp help linux memdisk minicmd multiboot2 pata part_msdos gettext"
../grub-mkimage -d . -O i386-coreboot -o ../../grub2.elf memdisk tar ehci ohci uhci at_keyboard usb_keyboard ${modules}
ls -l -h ../../grub2.elf

creating the grub payload (with a memdisk for the config file)

cd grub-core
tar cvf ../memdisk.tar grub.cfg  --transform 's#^#/boot/grub/#'
modules="serial terminal normal echo ahci all_video ata boot cat chain configfile crypto elf ext2 extcmd fshelp help linux memdisk minicmd multiboot2 pata part_msdos gettext"
../grub-mkimage -d . -O i386-coreboot -o ../../grub2.elf memdisk tar ehci ohci uhci at_keyboard usb_keyboard ${modules} -m ../memdisk.tar
ls -l -h ../../grub2.elf

With all modules(possible with last grub from bzr) And a memdisk for grub.cfg

cd grub-core
tar cvf ../memdisk.tar grub.cfg  --transform 's#^#/boot/grub/#'
memdisk="$(ls *.mod | sed 's#.mod$##g')"
../grub-mkimage -d . -O i386-coreboot -o ../../grub2.elf ${modules} -m ../memdisk.tar
ls -l -h ../../grub2.elf

combining with coreboot

As a SeaBIOS payload

build/cbfstool build/coreboot.rom add-payload -n img/grub2 -f grub2.elf -t raw
build/cbfstool build/coreboot.rom print

That way it will be possible to run grub2 as a payload after SeaBIOS: The advantage is that it's less risky. At runtime press F12 and you'll have the grub2 option.

As a Coreboot payload

Advantages: faster, can be used for security

Disadvantages: more risky if you have no way to recover

Howto

In make menuconfig of coreboot, select the path of grub2.elf.

Also make sure you have some kinds of output such as VGA or serial(it needs to be activated in both coreboot and grub)