SeaBIOS

From coreboot
Revision as of 23:49, 25 April 2009 by Ward (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

SeaBIOS (previously known as LegacyBIOS) is an open-source legacy BIOS implementation, which can also be used as coreboot payload.

Use cases

Any software requiring 16-bit BIOS services benefits from SeaBIOS.

Windows XP

Windows XP has been booted on real hardware with coreboot and SeaBIOS. Some patches are required.

Windows Vista

Windows Vista (64/32 bit) has been booted on real hardware with coreboot and SeaBIOS. Some patches are required.

Windows 7 Beta

Windows 7 Beta (?? bit) has been booted on real hardware with coreboot and SeaBIOS. Some patches are required.

GRUB

GRUB works with coreboot and SeaBIOS on real hardware and boots Linux just fine.

Building

SeaBIOS

You can download the latest version of SeaBIOS through a git repository:

$ git clone git://git.linuxtogo.org/home/kevin/seabios.git seabios
$ cd seabios

Alternatively, the released versions of SeaBIOS can be found at http://linuxtogo.org/~kevin/SeaBIOS/. There's also a gitweb facility to browse the latest source code online.

Edit src/config.h and set the following values:

#define CONFIG_COREBOOT 1
#define CONFIG_DEBUG_SERIAL 1
#define CONFIG_OPTIONROMS_DEPLOYED 0
#define CONFIG_COREBOOT_FLASH 1
#define CONFIG_VGAHOOKS 1

Then:

$ make

The final SeaBIOS payload file is out/bios.bin.elf, which can be used with coreboot v2 or v3.

coreboot

For best results, use coreboot-v2 and edit the target Config.lb with the following:

option CONFIG_CBFS=1
option HAVE_HIGH_TABLES=1
...
romimage "fallback"
	...
	payload /path/to/seabios/out/bios.bin.elf
end

Unfortunately, many boards don't have HAVE_HIGH_TABLES support yet. If the build fails complaining about this option, one can edit the src/mainboard/<vendor>/<board>/Options.lb file and add a "uses HAVE_HIGH_TABLES" line. Then one can edit src/arch/i386/boot/tables.c and change the lines:

uint64_t high_tables_base = 0;
uint64_t high_tables_size;

to:

uint64_t high_tables_base = ( <memorysize> )*1024*1024 - (64*1024);
uint64_t high_tables_size = 64*1024;

where <memorysize> is the amount of memory (in MiB) available on the target machine, but not more than 3072. So, if you have more than 3GiB of ram installed, put 3072. Otherwise, put the number of MiB of ram installed in your machine.

Alternatively, one can add proper support for HAVE_HIGH_TABLES.

Once the above is done, the final image will be in coreboot.rom.

SeaBIOS and CBFS

SeaBIOS can read the coreboot flash filesystem and extract option roms and payloads.

Adding a VGA option rom

Once a coreboot.rom file has been prepared, one can add option roms to it. It is frequently necessary to add a vga option rom for built-in VGA adapters so that they are properly initialized.

The first step is to find the vendor and device id of the VGA adapter. This information can be found from lspci:

$ lspci -vnn
...
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: VIA Technologies, Inc. UniChrome Pro IGP [1106:3344] (rev 01) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])

In the above example, the VGA vendor/deviceid is "1106:3344". Obtain the vga rom (eg, vgabios.bin) and add it to the rom with:

$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom add /path/to/vgabios.bin pci1106,3344.rom 0
$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom print

After the above is done, one can write the coreboot.rom file to flash. SeaBIOS will extract the vga rom and run it during boot.

Adding gpxe support

A [gpxe] option rom can nicely complement SeaBIOS and coreboot by adding network boot support. Adding gpxe is similar to #Adding a VGA option rom. The first step is to find the ethernet vendor/device id. For example:

$ lspci -vnn
...
00:09.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL-8110SC/8169SC Gigabit Ethernet [10ec:8167] (rev 10)

Then one can build a gpxe option rom. For example:

$ cd gpxe/src/
$ make bin/10ec8167.rom

And add it to the coreboot image. For example:

$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom add /path/to/gpxe/src/bin/10ec8167.rom pci10ec,8167.rom 0
$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom print

In addition to gpxe, other option roms can be added in the same manor.

Adding payloads

Most payloads can also be launched from SeaBIOS. To add a payload, build the corresponding .elf file and then add it to the coreboot.rom file in the "img/" directory. For example:

$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom add-payload /path/to/payload.elf img/MyPayload
$ ./cbfstool coreboot.rom print

During boot, one can press the F12 key to get a boot menu. SeaBIOS will show all files in the "img/" directory, and one can instruct SeaBIOS to run them.

Note, SeaBIOS currently only supports uncompressed payloads.