Customize the system to allow me to play with memory mappings and large devices. I wanted to minimize intermediate steps from LinuxBIOS to Linux to minimize the areas of expertise I needed to develop. I also wanted to be able to use the SATA drives as my boot drives.
There are several places where my solutions are not as elegant as I wished them to be. Suggestions are welcome.
Current set up
- Tyan s2892
- LinuxBIOS with Linux 2.6.18-tiny as a payload
I started by installing LinuxBIOS on the system and using FILO and Etherboot to boot to a kernel. This allowed me to try the different payloads without flashing every time.
Next I downloaded the OLPC buildrom
I modified the Config.mk to include pciutils from
and took out the graphical boot menu. I also modified buildrom/skeleton/devices.txt to add lines for my hard drives. I just copied the lines for sda and sda1 and made hda hda1 hda2 and sda2. The important thing is to make sure that the major and minor numbers are correct.
I modified buildrom/skeleton/linuxrc so that the device files were created earlier, /dev/null didn't become a text file, and my drives got mounted in read-only mode.
I then modified buildrom/skeleton/bin/boot.functions so that doboot() called my script on the hard drive for the kexec. That's nice to avoid flashing the BIOS for booting different kernels.
I downloaded Linux 18.104.22.168 (2.6.18-rc4 had some problems with SATA) and patched it with the tiny patches that came with OLPC. 12-tiny-tiny-crc.patch fails, but was easy to apply by hand.
I configured the kernel to include support for ext2, SATA, and IDE.
I ran make and copied the payloads from the buildrom/deploy directory to my s2892 to be used. olpc-payload.elf.lzma (732K) is used for booting directly from LinuxBIOS, and olpc-payload-uncompressed.elf (1.7M) was useful for testing it with FILO and Etherboot.
mkelfImage wouldn't work with the vmlinux file, so I changed the Makefile to get it to use the bzImage instead.
Now I have
- fallback/linuxbios.strip (88K)
- normal/payload (860K)
- s2892vBIOS.bin (36K)
If you want to simplify the build process and don't want to customize it too much:
- use payloads from deploy directory.
WARNING: I have a bios savior so that when I mess up I can get my machine back. If you don't have one, you might not want to do the fallback only boot.
# Sample config file for # the Tyan s2892 # This will make a target directory of ./s2892 target s2892 mainboard tyan/s2892 option ROM_SIZE = 0xf7000 # 8Mbit - 36K for VGA BIOS option CONFIG_ROM_STREAM=1 option CONFIG_CONSOLE_SERIAL8250 = 1 option CONFIG_CONSOLE_VGA = 1 option FALLBACK_SIZE = ROM_SIZE option ROM_IMAGE_SIZE = 0x16000 # Tyan s2892 romimage "fallback" option CONFIG_COMPRESSED_ROM_STREAM_LZMA=1 option CONFIG_PRECOMPRESSED_ROM_STREAM=1 option USE_FALLBACK_IMAGE=1 option LINUXBIOS_EXTRA_VERSION="$(shell cat ../../VERSION)_Fallback" payload ../olpc-payload.elf.lzma end buildrom ./linuxbios.rom ROM_SIZE "fallback"
Because the kexec tools that are included with OLPC's buildrom are stripped down for 32-bit kernels, I built kexec statically linked (read "large file") and put it on the hard drive with the kernel to be loaded. I use kexec to boot my kernel which has been combined with initrd into an elf with mkelfImage:
mkelfImage --comand--line="ro root=/dev/hda1 console=tty0" --kernel="vmlinux" --initrd="initrd" --output="mylinux.elf"
I have to use
kexec -f mylinux.elf
because otherwise kexec calls shutdown and there is no shutdown in the OLPC initrd. I guess that's a half truth, because when I call kexec without the -f it reboots the machine completely instead of a kexec when shutdown is available.
My machine boots LinuxBIOS, then linux-22.214.171.124-tiny, then kexecs into linux-126.96.36.199-normal. It takes a little longer than going through elfboot and FILO, but it is a simpler path.
This document was written by Myles Watson <myles at pel dot cs dot byu dot edu>