Before you begin
Do yourself a favor, and get a BiosSavior before you begin. We bought ours from http://www.paragonca.com. There are different models, make sure you order the one you need. It depends on the size and type of the ROM chip on your board. Our S2881 board has a 4Mbit PLCC chip:
While LinuxBIOS replaces the functions of the proprietary bios, it does NOT replace the VGA bios. If you want VGA on your linuxBIOS'd machine (not strictly necessary for servers), you will need to extract the VGA bios and concatenate it with the LinuxBIOS image, before burning it to your ROM. See below for details.
LinuxBIOS requires a Payload to boot an operating system.
If you want to boot from the network or from a SATA drive, you will need to use Etherboot. If you want to boot from an IDE drive, you can use FILO. The rest of this document assumes you want to boot from SATA.
Building the payload
Since the S2881 comes with a SATA controller, we need to build Etherboot.
1. Download the latest version from http://www.etherboot.org. At the time of writing, that is Etherboot 5.4.1.
2. Configure it as explained here: http://www.linuxbios.org/index.php/Etherboot
3. Version 5.4.1 adds PXE support. which is not compatible with the LinuxBIOS/FILO code included in Etherboot. You will need to disable it by removing this line from src/Config:
CFLAGS+= -DPXE_IMAGE -DPXE_EXPORT
4. Etherboot has an (optional) boot prompt that allows you the choice of a network or disk boot. We always want to book from disk, so make sure you set ASK_BOOT to -1, which disables the prompt:
5. However, currently (2006-04-23) Etherboot/FILO needs a bit of time to detect SATA drives (but only after a cold boot). It seems at least 3 extra seconds are required, so to be safe update the FILO boot prompt delay (where you can choose different boot images) to 5 seconds in src/filo/Config.lb:
AUTOBOOT_DELAY = 5
Now; before we build Etherboot, let's think about the kernel we want to boot first.
The kernel you boot
The mkelfImage program from
can be used to generate a kernel to boot with LinuxBIOS. Note that this is not required, you can also boot a normal kernel.
You can use mkelfImage to combine the kernel and initrd you want to boot into an elf image that filo can boot, for instance like this:
mkelfImage --command-line="ro root=/dev/md3 quiet splash console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200n8" \ --kernel="/boot/vmlinuz-2.6.12-9-amd64-generic" \ --initrd="/boot/initrd.img-2.6.12-9-amd64-generic" \ --output="/boot/linuxbios.elf"
This means you will also need to update etherboot-5.4.1/src/filo/Config with the new autoboot file:
AUTOBOOT_FILE = "hde1:/linuxbios.elf"
Then build etherboot
cd etherboot-5.4.1/src make bin/tg3--filo.elf
Download LinuxBIOS (http://linuxbios.org/index.php/Download_LinuxBIOS). You need subversion revision 2251 or higher.
If you want VGA support, a few changes are required in the linuxbios source tree. Edit this file:
You'll need to enable the following two lines:
#VGA Console default CONFIG_CONSOLE_VGA=1 default CONFIG_PCI_ROM_RUN=1
Whether you want VGA or not, build a tyan/s2881 tree.
cd targets ./buildtarget tyan/s2881
Modify tyan/s2881/Config.lb; change payload setting to point to your tg3--filo.elf file
If you don't need VGA, you will need to modify tyan/s2881/Config.lb. Comment out the line:
option ROM_SIZE = 475136
If you do need VGA, modify the ROM_SIZE line to the following, because our VGA bios is only 32KB:
option ROM_SIZE = 491520
Make you are using GCC 3.4 (not GCC 4.0), or your image will be too large, and then:
cd tyan/s2881/s2881 make
Skip this section if you don't need VGA support in your LinuxBIOS.
While booted with your proprietary BIOS, you can see where your vga bios starts and how much space it takes by issuing
cat /proc/iomem | grep "Video ROM"
Then get a copy of your vga bios. For me, this command did the trick.
dd if=/dev/mem of=vgabios.bin bs=1k count=32 skip=768
Our vga bios is 32K. Verify that the image is correct - it should start with 55 AA, and contain strings that indicate it's your VGA bios. In my case, I could clearly make out 'ATI RAGE' etc.
Now concatenate the VGA bios with the linuxbios image
cat vgabios.bin linuxbios.rom > final_linuxbios.rom
TODO: fix; this doesn't seem to work.
Burning the bios
Make sure your Biossavior is set to the 'RD1' position (not to 'ORG'!), so that you can always revert to the original bios.
On the target machine:
cd LinuxBIOSv2/util/flashrom ./flashrom -v -w path/to/your/linuxbios.rom
If you want VGA support, make sure you burn the final_linuxbios.rom image!
You now need to 'halt' the machine. A soft reset won't work the first time you boot from the proprietary BIOS into LinuxBIOS.
Since we set up serial output in the LinuxBIOS configuration files above, you will want to hook up a serial console (or a copy of minicom or the like) to see what the box is doing while starting up. Keep your eyes on the screen after hitting the power button - LinuxBIOS will be up and running way before you expect it!
If you have problems, don't despair. Power down the box, switch the biossavior to 'ORG' and boot in the proprietary BIOS. Just don't forget to switch the biossavior back to the 'RD1' position before flashing the BIOS!
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