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The wiki is being retired!

Documentation is now handled by the same processes we use for code: Add something to the Documentation/ directory in the coreboot repo, and it will be rendered to Contributions welcome!

make menuconfig in coreboot

This page describes how you can build a coreboot image for your specific mainboard.


  • gcc / g++ (gcc-multilib is ideal, makes building payloads a lot easier)
  • make
  • cmake (if using clang/llvm)
  • ncurses-dev (for make menuconfig)


  • doxygen (for generating/viewing documentation)
  • iasl (for targets with ACPI support)
  • gdb (for better debugging facilities on some targets)
  • flex and bison (for regenerating parsers)

Building a payload

First you need to download the source code for the payload of your choice and build it.

Instructions for building the various payloads are not covered on this page, please see Payloads and the wiki page for the respective payload for details.

The result of this step should be an ELF file (e.g. filo.elf, or coreinfo.elf) which you can use with coreboot (see below).

Most beginners want to use the default SeaBIOS payload. It runs Option ROMs, is able to discover boot devices and provides a very simple boot menu.

There's no need to build SeaBIOS by hand, it is done by coreboot.

Building coreboot

First, get the latest coreboot version from our git repository:

$ git clone
$ cd coreboot
$ git submodule update --init --checkout

The last step is important! It checks out a sub-repository in the 3rdparty directory.

In the coreboot directory you can configure the build-time options of coreboot:

$ make menuconfig


$ make nconfig (easier to navigate, uses ncurses)

In that menu (which may look familiar, as other projects such as the Linux kernel or busybox use the same system), select at least the following options:

  • Enter the Mainboard menu.
    • In Mainboard vendor select the vendor of your board.
    • In Mainboard model select your exact mainboard name.
    • In ROM chip size select the exact size of the flash ROM chip you want to flash the coreboot image on. (see output of flashrom command)

More detailed example (generic) configuration (tweak accordingly): (note that this assumes presence of native graphics initialization on the given board, which is not universally available in coreboot)

   General setup / Expert mode = enable
   General / Use CMOS for configuration values = enable
   Mainboard / Mainboard vendor = Name of manufacturer
   Mainboard / Mainboard model = Model name
   Mainboard / ROM chip size = size of flash chip
   Chipset / Include CPU microcode in CBFS = Do not include microcode updates (NOTE: you probably want to enable it on some systems)
   Devices / Use native graphics initialization = enable (NOTE: not available on all systems)
   Display / Keep VESA framebuffer = disable (disable for text-mode graphics, enable for coreboot vesa framebuffer)
       Libreboot provides this with text-mode enabled by default, but it automatically patches a copy of the config at build time to enable coreboot framebuffer for a separate set of ROM images, in each system.
   Generic Drivers / USB 2.0 EHCI debug dongle support = Enable
   Generic Drivers / Enable early (pre-RAM) usbdebug = Enable
   Generic Drivers / Type of dongle = Net20DC or compatible
   Generic Drivers / Digitizer = Present
   Console / USB dongle console output = enable
   Payload / Add a payload = An ELF executable payload
   Payload / Payload path and filename = grub.elf

Now go back into Devices (only do this if you didn't enable native graphics initialization; NOTE: instructions for adding a vbios option rom are not mentioned in the above instructions):

   Devices / Run VGA Option ROMs = disable
   Devices / Run Option ROMs on PCI devices = disable

Intel boards

For Intel boards you have to provide files coreboot can't generate by itself:

Please have a look at Binary situation for a full overview. The files have to be extracted from your vendor bios.

  • Enter the Chipset menu
    • Do the following based on which blobs you have:
    • Untick Build with a fake IFD (descriptor.bin)
    • Tick Add gigabit ethernet firmware (gbe.bin)
    • Tick Add Intel Management Engine firmware (me.bin)

AMD boards

For AMD boards you have to provide files coreboot can't generate by itself:

Please have a look at Binary situation for a full overview. The files have to be extracted from your vendor bios.

Choose the payload

Here's the full list of supported Payloads.

By default, the SeaBIOS payload will be downloaded and built during the coreboot build process.

If you want to use another payload (ELF for example):

  • Enter the Payload menu.
    • Set the Add a payload option to An ELF executable payload.
    • Then, specify the file name and path to your payload file (which you built before).

VGA support

In order to see something on your screen the graphic card has to be initialized by the VGA BIOS which is actually an Option ROM.

VGA support is required for payloads such as GRUB or elf-memtest86+-5.01.

It isn't required for operating systems such as GNU/Linux as it initializes the graphic card by itself.

On some platforms there's support for native gfx init. A VGA BIOS isn't required.


You also need to build crossgcc (highly recommended because distributions patch gcc in ways that introduce bugs when building coreboot):

$ make crossgcc

Or alternatively to build with more than one thread, invoke the cross compiler build script directly (in this example eight threads):

$ util/crossgcc/buildgcc -j 8

In case something fails, try to search for the relevant log (find . -name '*.log' | xargs grep Error) and examine last few lines of it.

That's the bare minimum. Feel free to adjust the other settings to your needs (see Coreboot Options for the full list), then exit menuconfig and build the coreboot image:

$ make

The file build/coreboot.rom is your final coreboot image you can flash onto a ROM chip or add payloads to with cbfstool.

Compiling with Clang/LLVM

We have been working on building coreboot with clang/llvm and it basically works. Remaining issues can be reported upstream and then block this meta bug here:

META Compiling the Coreboot with clang

The default and recommended flow is still to use crossgcc.

Known issues

Make sure you really have all the requirements installed!

With certain versions of the gcc/ld toolchain shipped in some Linux distributions, it's possible that you'll see the following error when building coreboot:

src/arch/x86/coreboot_ram.ld:129 cannot move location counter backwards

This is a known bug in those versions of the toolchain. Before sending a complaint message to our mailing list, please try to switch to our reference cross-compilation toolkit then recompile the sources. To switch to the cross-compiler just run

$ make crossgcc

Then remove the .xcompile file and retry the compilation process:

$ rm .xcompile
$ make

Development version

If you want to contribute a patch or report an issue about coreboot, you will need to set up your environment for full development.

You must run make crossgcc and rebuild coreboot before reporting an issue or contributing a patch.

To get set up to submit a patch please run make gitconfig, then register with gerrit.

Flashing coreboot

You can flash the coreboot image on a flash ROM chip using either an external EEPROM-programmer or a mainboard using the flashrom user-space utility.