EHCI Debug Port
The wiki is being retired!
Documentation is now handled by the same processes we use for code: Add something to the Documentation/ directory in the coreboot repo, and it will be rendered to https://doc.coreboot.org/. Contributions welcome!
Serial ports have been the primary means of early debugging of new coreboot ports. New hardware doesn't always have a serial port and another method for early debugging is needed.
The EHCI Debug Port is an optional capability of EHCI controllers which can be used for that purpose.
All USB2 host controllers are EHCI controllers. The debug port provides a mode of operation that requires neither RAM nor a full USB stack. A handful of registers in the EHCI controller PCI configuration and BAR address space are used for all communication. All three transfer types are supported (OUT/SETUP/IN) but transfers can only be a maximum of 8 bytes and only one specific physical USB port can be used. A Debug Class compliant device is the only supported USB function that can be communicated with.
While the Debug Class functional spec describes a device communicating over USB also with the debugging host (aka remote) it would be very possible to make a Debug Class device with a regular serial port on the other end. One thing to watch out for is that such a device might not be able to handle the same throughput as the debug port itself and hence may lose data unless it can do some buffering.
The following southbridges have USB debug support in coreboot:
|AMD||SB600||OK||Tested by Uwe Hermann.|
|AMD||SB700||WIP||Probably won't work, a patch is being prepared.|
|NVIDIA||MCP55||OK||Tested by Uwe Hermann. Any physical USB port will work, as the code tries all ports until the one with the attached USB Debug device is found.|
|SiS||SiS966||Untested||Note: It's unclear if the chipset actually has EHCI Debug Port functionality, and (if yes), whether the current coreboot code supports it properly (or whether it's just copy-pasted code from another chipset).|
Using the EHCI debug port
usb_debug kernel module and minicom
To get a USB debug console, enable CONFIG_USBDEBUG (menu option USB 2.0 EHCI debug dongle support) in coreboot's kconfig.
On your "host PC" you need a Linux system which is recent enough to provide the usb_debug kernel module. When you attach the Ajays Net20DC device to your host PC, it will create a /dev/ttyUSB0 device to which you can connect as usual using any serial terminal program, e.g. minicom (115200, 8n1).
TODO: Is the Baud rate actually configurable somewhere?
You must connect the NET20DC to a special USB port on your coreboot target board (not all of the USB ports will work!), often this is USB port 1. If in doubt, try all available ports to check which one works on your board.
Then you can power up your coreboot target board and you should see the usual coreboot bootlog in minicom on your host PC.
As an alternative, you can also use this small libusb-based user-space program on the host PC to retrieve the coreboot logs.
Finding the USB debug port
Generally, each EHCI controller can offer at most one debug port. That port corresponds to a fixed physical USB port. Locating that physical port is rather difficult because you need to look at lots of information.
Carl-Daniel Hailfinger has written a script which can help finding that port.
The Debug Port is optional, please check if EHCI controllers near you support it:
$ lspci -vs $(lspci|grep EHCI|cut -f1 -d' ') 00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 82801FB/FBM/FR/FW/FRW (ICH6 Family) USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 03) (prog-if 20 [EHCI]) Subsystem: IBM Unknown device 0566 Flags: bus master, medium devsel, latency 0, IRQ 5 Memory at b0000000 (32-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=1K] Capabilities:  Power Management version 2 Capabilities:  Debug port
Look for a line like the last one above. Please include the PCI device ID too:
$ lspci -ns $(lspci|grep EHCI|cut -f1 -d' ') 00:1d.7 0c03: 8086:265c (rev 03)
If your controller isn't already listed below then please add it or send an email to the mailing list if you don't have a wiki account yet and want one, or want us to add your controller to the page.
Controllers verified to have the debug port capability
- 10b9:5239 ALi Corporation USB 2.0 (USB PCI card)
- 8086:24cd Intel ICH4/ICH4-M
- 8086:24dd Intel ICH5
- 8086:265c Intel ICH6
- 8086:268c Intel 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset (rev 09) (in Dell PE 1950)
- 8086:27cc Intel ICH7
- 8086:2836 Intel ICH8
- 8086:283a Intel ICH8
- 8086:293a Intel ICH9 (rev 2)
- 8086:3a3a Intel ICH10
- 8086:3a3c Intel ICH10
- 10de:0088 NVIDIA MCP2A (rev a2)
- 10de:005b NVIDIA CK804 (rev a3)
- 10de:026e NVIDIA MCP51 (rev a3)
- 10de:036d NVIDIA MCP55 (rev a2)
- 10de:03f2 NVIDIA MCP61 (rev a3)
- 1002:4386 ATI/AMD SB600
- 1002:4396 ATI/AMD SB700
- 1106:3104 VIA VX800 (rev 90)
Controllers verified to lack the debug port capability
- 1033:00e0 NEC Corporation EHCI (rev 02) (Compaq part)
- 1106:3104 VIA Technologies EHCI (rev 82, rev 63, rev 86)
- 1002:4373 ATI Technologies Inc IXP SB400 USB2 Host Controller (rev 80)
- 1022:2095 Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] CS5536 [Geode companion] EHC (rev 02)
- 8086:24cd Intel Corporation 82801DB/DBM (ICH4/ICH4-M) EHCI (rev 01)
- 1039:7002 SiS EHCI (rev 00)
Where to buy
Currently there seems to be only two devices which can use the EHCI Debug Port, the NET20DC and the AMIDebug RX.
- http://www.plxtech.com/products/NET2000/NET20DC/default.asp (archive.org)
- EHCI 1.0 spec (PDF) — The Debug Port is described in Appendix C.
- Debug Class functional spec (PDF) — This is what has to be connected to the EHCI controller.
- Intel Developer UPDATE Magazine on USB debugging (PDF) — dead URL
- libusb host program for PLX NET20DC debug device
- Linux x86_64 early USB Debug Port support
- Linux early USB Debug Port support finally commited
- early printk support in Linux
- http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-usb/msg32912.html (Linux USB EHCI Debug Port device gadget)