nvramtool (previously known as lxbios) is a utility for reading/writing coreboot parameters and displaying information from the coreboot table in CMOS.
The program works only on x86-based Linux systems that use coreboot.
It can be downloaded via Subversion:
Running nvramtool on a system running coreboot would yield a result like this:
# ./nvramtool -a boot_option = Fallback last_boot = Fallback ECC_memory = Disable baud_rate = 115200 hw_scrubber = Enable interleave_chip_selects = Enable max_mem_clock = 100Mhz dual_core = Enable power_on_after_fail = Enable debug_level = Spew boot_first = HDD boot_second = Network boot_third = Floppy boot_index = 0xe boot_countdown = 0xfa slow_cpu = off nmi = Enable iommu = Enable nvramtool: Can not read coreboot parameter user_data because layout info specifies CMOS area that is too wide.
Things to know
- coreboot will ignore the CMOS table if the checksum is incorrect, and will fallback to its hardcoded defaults.
- coreboot does not initialize the CMOS/NVRAM to default values. In other words, until you set values with nvramtool, your CMOS table will have an incorrect checksum, and will simply be ignored.
- Not all of the fields that nvramtool can set are used by coreboot on every mainboard.
- Some of the fields are used by payloads - for instance all the fields that start with 'boot_' in the list above. FILO and Etherboot are two examples of bootloaders parsing NVRAM values (See their pages for a list of known variables)
The nvramtool tool is now maintained by the coreboot developers and this page is the main website of nvramtool. For reference, the following websites were previously used, but are now deprecated:
- http://www.llnl.gov/linux/lxbios/lxbios.html (dead)
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