Difference between revisions of "User:GNUtoo"

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== Hardware ==
+
== Wiki contributions ==
 +
My contributions to this wiki are available under the following licenses:
 +
* [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode CC-BY-SA 3.0]
 +
* [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode CC-BY-SA 4.0] or later
 +
* [https://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl.txt GFDL 1.3] or later
 +
 
 +
== Code contributions ==
 +
In the [https://review.coreboot.org/gitweb?p=coreboot.git;a=blob;f=Documentation/gerrit_guidelines.md;h=1833b0a8f0dc89001547c73457d113a4a56fbd31;hb=refs/heads/master#l31 gerrit guidelines] there the follwing line: "Don't modify other people's patches without their consent."
 +
 
 +
I consent to the modification of my patches by anybody. I work on specific things because no one wants to do what I want to do. Else I'd be happy if someone else did the work, so I could pick the next task in my huge TODO list.
 +
 
 +
Interests:
 +
* 100% Free computers(Laptops, Desktops, Home Servers, routers).
 +
* Security
 +
** Secure boot trough GRUB with full disk encryption (no /boot in clear)
 +
** Protect against DMA and other attacks that have access to the x86 cpu's RAM.
 +
* Making it possible for end user to be able to use coreboot/libreboot:
 +
** Making it easy or scalable to install coreboot/libreboot.
 +
** Making it usable.
 +
* Making less risky to reflash, permitting users without an external programmer to easily reflash, and developers to develop anywhere without a huge setup consisting of another computer and the coreboot computer beeing worked on. I'm also interested in getting the cbmem logs written to flash to make debugging easier when no other computer is available(for instance while the developer is traveling to a conference).
 +
 
 +
== Howtos ==
 +
* [[/make boot software writable for recent Intel computers]]
 +
* [[/External GPU init without running the option rom]]
 +
 
 +
= X60/I945 native GPU init History =
 +
The Lenovo X60 GPU init has been merged a long time ago.
 +
Since then it has been rewriten/improved a lot by other people (See git log for more details).
 +
Thanks to all that work it's now a proper driver.
 +
 
 +
So I've moved the X60 GPU init information in [[/X60_GPU_init|a subpage]]
 +
 
 +
= Personal oppinions =
 +
* [[/Microcode]]
 +
* [[/Yabel]]
 +
 
 +
= For coreboot developers =
 +
This section is mainly usefull for finding informations for:
 +
* Asking me to test some code (that's why I listed all my hardware).
 +
* Find my work in progress code.
 +
* Find legacy code.
 +
* Find what I'm interested in working on:
 +
**  If you want to work on the same thing than me, you could contact me if you want so:
 +
*** I could help if I have time.
 +
*** I could test if I have time.
 +
*** I may have some pointers.
 +
* HOWTO that documents how to do a native VGA init for the Lenovo x60:
 +
** It probably applies to the Lenovo t60 that have an Intel GPU, with no or very minor modifications.
 +
 
 +
== My hardware ==
 
=== Mainboard/Devices running coreboot ===
 
=== Mainboard/Devices running coreboot ===
 
{| class="wikitable"  border="1"
 
{| class="wikitable"  border="1"
Line 5: Line 54:
 
! Serial/output
 
! Serial/output
 
! flash recovery mecanism
 
! flash recovery mecanism
 +
! What I worked on
 +
|-
 +
| Asrock E350M1
 +
|
 +
* cbmem -c
 +
* Serial
 +
| rowspan="3" |
 +
* External programmer
 +
* Swapping the flash chip
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Asus F2A85-M PRO
 +
|
 +
* cbmem -c
 +
| rowspan="2" |
 +
* I've been the main porter.
 +
* Usability improvements
 
|-
 
|-
| M4A785T-M
+
| Asus M4A785T-M
 
|
 
|
 +
* cbmem -c
 
* Serial
 
* Serial
| External programmer
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lenovo X60
 
| Lenovo X60
|  
+
| rowspan="4" |
 +
* cbmem -c
 
* Serial on the dock
 
* Serial on the dock
 +
* spkmodem
 
* USB debug
 
* USB debug
* spkmodem
+
| rowspan="5" |
| External programmer with pomona clip
+
* External programmer with pomona clip
 +
| rowspan="2" |
 +
* Native GPU init
 +
* Usability improvements.
 +
|-
 +
| Lenovo X60T
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Lenovo T60
 
| Lenovo T60
 
|
 
|
* USB debug
+
* Usability improvements.
* spkmodem(untried but should work)
+
|-
| External programmer with pomona clip(untried but should work)
+
| Lenovo T400
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Lenovo X200
 +
|
 +
* cbmem -c
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
| Alix 1.C
+
| PC Engines Alix 1.C
 
|
 
|
 
* Serial
 
* Serial
| Hot swap with the LPC dongle
+
|  
 +
* Hot swap with the LPC dongle|
 +
* Usability improvements.
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Mainboard/Devices not running coreboot (yet?) ===
 +
If you need to have some tests done on the default boot firwmare, you should ask me as it is fast to do if I've the laptop nearby.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"  border="1"
 +
! Device/Mainboard
 +
! Reason
 +
|-
 +
| Lenovo Thinkpad X200T
 +
| I need to find a way to be able to easily, robustly, and safely reflash it:
 +
* If a SOIC8 SPI chips is soldered instead of the WSON8 one, the solder past must not affect the stability of the SOIC8 clip. That is probably the most adapted way for me.
 +
* Wires aren't ideal if they break easily.
 +
* Internal flashing can't be trusted for freedom/privacy/security: The hardware probably permits boot firmwares to  very easily mess up with the flash content while it's being read or written: The hardware can probably be programmed to emmit SMM interrupts when the flash chip is accessed, and once in SMM, modify the data. This is the case on i945 thinkpads, however I didn't check the X200T datasheet yet, hence the "probably".
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 
=== Debugging tools ===
 
=== Debugging tools ===
 
* External programmers :
 
* External programmers :
** Arduino duemillanove
+
** Arduino duemillanove (serprog based)
** Arduino uno
+
** Arduino uno (serprog based)
 
** openmoko debug board (FTDI based)
 
** openmoko debug board (FTDI based)
 +
** bug20 (linux_spi)
 
* A pomona clip
 
* A pomona clip
 
* a null-modem serial cable and 2 USB<->Serial adapters
 
* a null-modem serial cable and 2 USB<->Serial adapters
* USB debug compatible devices:
+
* [[EHCI Gadget Debug|USB debug]] compatible devices:
 
** a bug20 (omap3530)
 
** a bug20 (omap3530)
 
** a GTA04 A3 (DM370)
 
** a GTA04 A3 (DM370)
  
 
==  My TODO list ==
 
==  My TODO list ==
=== T60 ===
+
See also TODO of the respectives machines on their dedicated wiki page.
* Find out why the machine hang when the power supply is removed(only does it when the linux kernel is started)
+
* Merge or abandon my old patches.
* Add cmos.default(require disassembling the laptop for testing)
+
* I945, GM45, GS45 thinkpads: Have all hardware features working (feature parity with the default boot firmware):
* Add native graphics init(require waiting that Peter stuge push his part for review)
+
** IRDA
 
+
** TPM
=== X60 ===
+
** Testing: write tests for
* Improve native graphics init(require waiting that Peter stuge push his part for review)
+
*** suspend/resume
** Replace the non-free VGA option rom by making native graphics init work.
+
*** power consumption
** Create a Native graphics<->VGA option rom.
+
*** heat
** Make backlight work without the non-free option rom.
+
* GM45: Merge ich9gen functionality in ifdtool or ifdfake
 
+
* GM45: Investigate internal flashing (Look if BIOS->Modded BIOS->Coreboot works and understand why)
=== Qemu ===
+
* I945: SeaBIOS: allow booting on SD cards.
 
+
* Port a logging mecanism from chromebooks to all devices in order to be able to retrive the log of the failed boot at the next reboot.
== scripts to help getting rid of the vbios of the x60 ==
+
* Document flash protections and vboot.
=== Script 1: generate the io access for the coreboot driver ===
+
* Verify if all the microcodes were moved away from coreboot git.
* follow "Case study: new laptop (not complete, sorry)" in https://docs.google.com/document/d/1g8FMob25VZYxbWri2iFB8YiSL8gwF9vKJH3HGxr0xQU/edit?pli=1
+
* (Alix 1.C: port the VSA to fasm)
* pacman -S plan9port
+
* (GDB improvements: allow gdb earlier than ramstage)
* cp /opt/plan9/bin/ssam ./
+
* I945: Write a freedom/privacy/security review
* replace the following line in ./ssam:
+
* GM45: Write a freedom/privacy/security review
#!/usr/local/plan9/bin/rc
+
* More recent Intel with me_cleaner: Write a freedom/privacy/security review
by the following line:
 
#!/opt/plan9/bin/rc
 
* create the ssamfix file with:
 
  ,s/\[ *[0-9]+\..[0-9]+\]//g
 
  ,s/^ *//g
 
y/^[RWU]/s/^/M /g
 
  ,s/\nU/ ;;;UDELAY/g
 
  ,|uniq -c
 
  ,s/^ *//g
 
  ,s/(^[0-9]+) ([MRW])/\2 \1/g
 
  ,s/"/\\"/g
 
  ,s/^M ([0-9]+) *(\[.*)/{M, \1, "\2"},/g
 
  ,s/^M ([0-9]+) *(.*)/{M, \1, "\2"},/g
 
  ,s/:  */:/g
 
  ,s/...UDELAY *([0-9]+)/\1/g
 
  ,s/^([RW]) ([0-9]+) (.*):0x([0-9a-f]+)(.*)/{\1, \2, "", \3, 0x\4, \5},/g
 
* run the following commands:
 
. /etc/profile.d/plan9.sh
 
cat dmesg| ./ssam  -f ssamfix > foo.c
 
 
 
=== Script2: compare the io access that were too fast ===
 
* Replace {V,0,}, with {V,7,}, in src/mainboard/vendor/device/i915io.c
 
* cat /dev/ttyUSB0 > accesses.txt
 
* Use that script against accesses.txt to find the guilty accesses:
 
#!/usr/bin/env python2
 
import sys,re
 
 
 
def main(args):
 
try:
 
f = open(args[1],'ro')
 
except:
 
print args[0], " <file>"
 
 
for line in f:
 
if re.match("0x[0-9]*: Got .*, expect .*",line):
 
line = line.replace('\r\n','').replace(", expect ",':').replace(": Got ",':')
 
split = line.split(':')
 
#print split
 
if split[1] != split[2]:
 
print line
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
main(sys.argv)
 
 
 
== How to get semantic IOs ==
 
In i915tool:
 
* import your IOs in prettyregs.c
 
* compile prettyregs.c
 
* run prettyregs
 
 
 
== How to get rid of the vbios of the x60 [New Version] ==
 
WARNING: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DO THAT WITHOUT A FLASH RECOVERY MECANISM
 
 
 
Apply the [http://review.coreboot.org/#/c/3277/ coreboot patches], and adapt them for your mainboard
 
 
 
Then configure coreboot with:
 
[*] Output verbose x86emu debug messages
 
[ ]  Trace JMP/RETF
 
[ ]  Trace all opcodes
 
[ ]  Log Plug&Play accesses
 
[ ]  Log Disk I/O
 
[ ]  Log PMM
 
[ ]  Debug VESA BIOS Extensions
 
[ ]  Redirect INT10 output to console
 
[ ]  Log intXX calls
 
[ ]  Log special memory accesses
 
[ ]  Log all memory accesses
 
[*]  Log IO accesses
 
Build and flash coreboot.
 
 
 
git clone [https://code.google.com/r/gnutoo-i915tool-x60/source/list my fork of the i915tool] until the code is merged in the [https://code.google.com/p/i915tool/ official i915tool].
 
 
 
Get the [http://www.coreboot.org/images/4/42/Dennis.tar.gz tarball] that contains the generated code, extract it.
 
 
 
Also get the [http://www.coreboot.org/images/3/39/I915_reg.h.gz i915_regs.h.gz] file, decompress it and put it in final/
 
 
 
Then go into i915tool and apply some patches for the x60 or redo them for your mainboard.
 
 
 
Run make:
 
$ cd i915tool
 
$ make
 
Then go into the x60 directory(or the directory of your device):
 
$ cd x60
 
use picocom -b 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 or stty to set the bauds of the Serial port.
 
Then get logs:
 
$ cat /dev/ttyUSB0 | tee coreboot.log
 
Then remove the binary symbols, dos2unix will help identifying where they are:
 
$ dos2unix coreboot.log
 
dos2unix: Binary symbol found at line 136332
 
dos2unix: Skipping binary file coreboot.log
 
Then do:
 
$ dos2unix coreboot.log
 
Then remove the lines before and after the log, the log looks like that:
 
[0047229e]c000:51cb outl(0x80001014, 0x0cf8)
 
[0047325f]c000:51d4 inw(0x0cfc) = 0x50a1
 
Then run make and fix the errors:
 
$ make
 
Then copy to coreboot as it says.
 
Then if necessary try to compact the source code a bit, here for me I have a really long list of:
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,0x8001);
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,0x8005);
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,0x8009);
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,0x800d);
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,0x8011);
 
That can be replaced with:
 
int i = 0;
 
for (i=0x8001;i<0x3fffa;i+=4){
 
io_i915_write32(0xcffbe001,i);
 
}
 
  
Import the final code into the chromium fork of coreboot with my patches on top.
+
= Work in progress documentation =
 +
* [[/Blobs-rewrite]]
 +
* [[/Golden Finger Connector]]
 +
* [[/Hardware Comparison]]
 +
* [[/APU1 reflashing]]

Latest revision as of 12:40, 10 May 2018

Wiki contributions

My contributions to this wiki are available under the following licenses:

Code contributions

In the gerrit guidelines there the follwing line: "Don't modify other people's patches without their consent."

I consent to the modification of my patches by anybody. I work on specific things because no one wants to do what I want to do. Else I'd be happy if someone else did the work, so I could pick the next task in my huge TODO list.

Interests:

  • 100% Free computers(Laptops, Desktops, Home Servers, routers).
  • Security
    • Secure boot trough GRUB with full disk encryption (no /boot in clear)
    • Protect against DMA and other attacks that have access to the x86 cpu's RAM.
  • Making it possible for end user to be able to use coreboot/libreboot:
    • Making it easy or scalable to install coreboot/libreboot.
    • Making it usable.
  • Making less risky to reflash, permitting users without an external programmer to easily reflash, and developers to develop anywhere without a huge setup consisting of another computer and the coreboot computer beeing worked on. I'm also interested in getting the cbmem logs written to flash to make debugging easier when no other computer is available(for instance while the developer is traveling to a conference).

Howtos

X60/I945 native GPU init History

The Lenovo X60 GPU init has been merged a long time ago. Since then it has been rewriten/improved a lot by other people (See git log for more details). Thanks to all that work it's now a proper driver.

So I've moved the X60 GPU init information in a subpage

Personal oppinions

For coreboot developers

This section is mainly usefull for finding informations for:

  • Asking me to test some code (that's why I listed all my hardware).
  • Find my work in progress code.
  • Find legacy code.
  • Find what I'm interested in working on:
    • If you want to work on the same thing than me, you could contact me if you want so:
      • I could help if I have time.
      • I could test if I have time.
      • I may have some pointers.
  • HOWTO that documents how to do a native VGA init for the Lenovo x60:
    • It probably applies to the Lenovo t60 that have an Intel GPU, with no or very minor modifications.

My hardware

Mainboard/Devices running coreboot

Device/Mainboard Serial/output flash recovery mecanism What I worked on
Asrock E350M1
  • cbmem -c
  • Serial
  • External programmer
  • Swapping the flash chip
Asus F2A85-M PRO
  • cbmem -c
  • I've been the main porter.
  • Usability improvements
Asus M4A785T-M
  • cbmem -c
  • Serial
Lenovo X60
  • cbmem -c
  • Serial on the dock
  • spkmodem
  • USB debug
  • External programmer with pomona clip
  • Native GPU init
  • Usability improvements.
Lenovo X60T
Lenovo T60
  • Usability improvements.
Lenovo T400
Lenovo X200
  • cbmem -c
PC Engines Alix 1.C
  • Serial
  • Hot swap with the LPC dongle|
  • Usability improvements.

Mainboard/Devices not running coreboot (yet?)

If you need to have some tests done on the default boot firwmare, you should ask me as it is fast to do if I've the laptop nearby.

Device/Mainboard Reason
Lenovo Thinkpad X200T I need to find a way to be able to easily, robustly, and safely reflash it:
  • If a SOIC8 SPI chips is soldered instead of the WSON8 one, the solder past must not affect the stability of the SOIC8 clip. That is probably the most adapted way for me.
  • Wires aren't ideal if they break easily.
  • Internal flashing can't be trusted for freedom/privacy/security: The hardware probably permits boot firmwares to very easily mess up with the flash content while it's being read or written: The hardware can probably be programmed to emmit SMM interrupts when the flash chip is accessed, and once in SMM, modify the data. This is the case on i945 thinkpads, however I didn't check the X200T datasheet yet, hence the "probably".

Debugging tools

  • External programmers :
    • Arduino duemillanove (serprog based)
    • Arduino uno (serprog based)
    • openmoko debug board (FTDI based)
    • bug20 (linux_spi)
  • A pomona clip
  • a null-modem serial cable and 2 USB<->Serial adapters
  • USB debug compatible devices:
    • a bug20 (omap3530)
    • a GTA04 A3 (DM370)

My TODO list

See also TODO of the respectives machines on their dedicated wiki page.

  • Merge or abandon my old patches.
  • I945, GM45, GS45 thinkpads: Have all hardware features working (feature parity with the default boot firmware):
    • IRDA
    • TPM
    • Testing: write tests for
      • suspend/resume
      • power consumption
      • heat
  • GM45: Merge ich9gen functionality in ifdtool or ifdfake
  • GM45: Investigate internal flashing (Look if BIOS->Modded BIOS->Coreboot works and understand why)
  • I945: SeaBIOS: allow booting on SD cards.
  • Port a logging mecanism from chromebooks to all devices in order to be able to retrive the log of the failed boot at the next reboot.
  • Document flash protections and vboot.
  • Verify if all the microcodes were moved away from coreboot git.
  • (Alix 1.C: port the VSA to fasm)
  • (GDB improvements: allow gdb earlier than ramstage)
  • I945: Write a freedom/privacy/security review
  • GM45: Write a freedom/privacy/security review
  • More recent Intel with me_cleaner: Write a freedom/privacy/security review

Work in progress documentation