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The wiki is being retired!

Documentation is now handled by the same processes we use for code: Add something to the Documentation/ directory in the coreboot repo, and it will be rendered to https://doc.coreboot.org/. Contributions welcome!

coreboot provides a couple of means to pass information on to the OS and payloads.


Code execution

coreboot passes control to a payload or OS in form of a self contained ELF binary.

coreboot table

The one central data structure in coreboot is the coreboot table. It is an extensible data structure providing the information gathered by coreboot to payloads and operating systems.

The table usually sits in memory around address 0x500. FIXME: describe how to search for the table correctly.

The table header looks like this:

struct lb_header
        uint8_t  signature[4]; /* LBIO */
        uint32_t header_bytes;
        uint32_t header_checksum;
        uint32_t table_bytes;
        uint32_t table_checksum;
        uint32_t table_entries;

Every entry in the boot enviroment list will correspond to a boot info record. Encoding both type and size. The type is obviously so you can tell what it is. The size allows you to skip that boot enviroment record if you don't know what it is. This allows forward compatibility with records not yet defined.

struct lb_record {
        uint32_t tag;           /* tag ID */
        uint32_t size;          /* size of record (in bytes) */

Entry Types:

#define LB_TAG_UNUSED            0x0000
#define LB_TAG_MEMORY            0x0001
#define LB_TAG_HWRPB             0x0002
#define LB_TAG_MAINBOARD         0x0003
#define LB_TAG_VERSION           0x0004
#define LB_TAG_EXTRA_VERSION     0x0005
#define LB_TAG_BUILD             0x0006
#define LB_TAG_COMPILE_TIME      0x0007
#define LB_TAG_COMPILE_BY        0x0008
#define LB_TAG_COMPILE_HOST      0x0009
#define LB_TAG_COMPILE_DOMAIN    0x000a
#define LB_TAG_COMPILER          0x000b
#define LB_TAG_LINKER            0x000c
#define LB_TAG_ASSEMBLER         0x000d
// 0x000e is used by device tree entry?
#define LB_TAG_SERIAL            0x000f
#define LB_TAG_CONSOLE           0x0010
#define LB_TAG_FORWARD           0x0011
#define LB_TAG_FRAMEBUFFER       0x0012
#define LB_TAG_OPTION            201
#define LB_TAG_OPTION_ENUM       202