The wiki is being retired!
Documentation is now handled by the same processes we use for code: Add something to the Documentation/ directory in the coreboot repo, and it will be rendered to https://doc.coreboot.org/. Contributions welcome!
This page describes using coreboot on the HP Pavilion Chromebook 14.
See Chromebooks for additional details.
The hardware write protection affects the top 1 MiB of the flash chip. CBFS is stored in this region.
Even though the write-protect switch may be enabled, this does not guarantee that the flash is protected. The write-protection is active when the WP bits are set in the flash chip. flashrom usually disables those bits, and leaves them disabled. The WP bits can be set at any time, but they can only be cleared if the write-protect switch is set to off.
WARNING! Unlike in factory coreboot, in vanilla coreboot, the MRC cache is placed within the write-protected region of flash. Setting the WP bits will make MRC cache read-only. The full effects of this are not well understood, but it seems the system will not be able to suspend. I was not able to make the system crash or hang. It attempts to suspend, but resumes immediately.
The touchpad may or may not be automatically detected. I have seen both cases happen with the same kernel version. The following modules need to be loaded in order for the touchpad to work:
In case the touchpad is not detected automatically after these modules are inserted, try to remove and then re-insert chromeos-laptop. Note that chromeos-laptop is not affected by whether or not coreboot was built with "Build for ChromeOS". All these modules are in mainline, so they should be available with any recent distro kernel. To check if the touchpad was detected, look for the following line in the kernel log:
[27158.544831] input: Cypress APA Trackpad (cyapa) as /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.3/i2c-7/7-0067/input/input14
SMBios motherboard name
The chromeos_laptop kernel module is responsible for detecting and making the touchpad work. The module will refuse to load if the SMBios motherboard is not one of the known models. Hence, the SMBIOS_PRODUCT_NAME needs to contain "Butterfly" for chromeos_laptop to load.
By default, linux will enable the touchpad buttons as a wakeup source. Since the lid is fairly flexible, gentle pressure will bend it enough to press one of the buttons, resulting in an unwanted resume. Placing the laptop in a backpack or holding it like a book is almost certain to cause a resume. This is a result as the touchpad being declared as a wakeup source in mainboard.asl.
$ cat /proc/acpi/wakeup Device S-state Status Sysfs node TPAD S3 *enabled pnp:00:00
While, one solution is to hack mainboard.asl, it is also possible to disable the touchpad resume by the following command:
# echo TPAD > /proc/acpi/wakeup
The EC allows dimming the display backlight all the way to 0. If the backlight is accidentally set to 0, and the screen is black, try re-plugging the power adapter, or closing and opening the lid. Desktops with power management enabled should automatically adjust the backlight to some sane value. These tricks have been tested with KDE 4.11.
EHCI debug port
With the default settings, the USB port next to the HDMI connector is the EHCI debug port.
Make a backup of the original ROM
With this chromebook, making a backup of the original ROM is highly recommended. Use the usual procedure of entering developer mode and backing up with the built-in flashrom before proceeding.
Building a complete coreboot image
It is recommended to use one of known working configs, but for those who like to tinker, here are some useful hints on getting the most out of coreboot.
The following options will need to be enabled to get a working image:
General setup ---> [*] Allow use of binary-only repository Chipset ---> [*] Add a System Agent binary Chipset ---> [*] Add Intel Management Engine firmware
The Video BIOS is available in the blobs repository:
VGA BIOS ---> [*] Add a VGA BIOS image VGA BIOS ---> VGA BIOS path and filename: "3rdparty/mainboard/google/butterfly/snm_2130_coreboot.bin"
It's also a good idea to enable console via CBMEM, while disabling serial and EHCI debug:
Console ---> [ ] Serial port console output Console ---> [ ] USB 2.0 EHCI debug dongle support Console ---> [*] Send console output to a CBMEM buffer Console ---> [*] Show POST codes on the debug console
Unless you plan to run ChromeOS, disable ChromeOS features:
ChromeOS ---> [ ] Build for ChromeOS
The following options may(TM) make life easier in the future:
General setup ---> [*] Use CMOS for configuration values General setup ---> [*] Create a table of timestamps collected during boot
Including the MAC address and keyboard layout
The coreboot that ships with the laptop will read the keyboard layout and MAC address from the flash. Since ChromeOS uses a different layout than CBFS, the region containing these parameters must me included in the CBFS of the custom coreboot. When not building for ChromeOS, coreboot will read this region from a CBFS file named vpd.bin. NOTE: This will only work when "Build for ChromeOS" is NOT selected. If building for ChromeOS, coreboot will ignore vpd.bin, and try to locate these parameters using fmap.
Find the RO_VPD section
Build flashmap, then run fmap_decode on the extracted chromebook firmware.
$ ./fmap_decode original_chrome_image.rom
Locate the RO_VPD section in the output:
area_offset="0x00600000" area_size="0x00004000" area_name="RO_VPD" area_flags_raw="0x01" area_flags="static"
Extract the RO_VPD section from ROM image.
First, convert area_offset and area_size to decimal, as dd does not accept hexadecimal input, then use dd to extract the RO_VPD section.
$ dd if=original_chrome_image.rom bs=1 skip=ibs=$((area_offset)) count=$((area_size)) of=vpd.bin
(Optional) Strip down vpd.bin
The vpd.bin is a 16KiB file, most of which is all 1's, and only a subset of the information is used by coreboot. To save down on flash usage, it's possible to remove all but the non-essential parts with a hex editor. See example vpd.bin hexdumps to get an idea of what information can be stripped. The vpd.bin can be reduced to under 300 bytes.
Insert vpd.bin in the custom coreboot image:
$ cbfstool build/coreboot.rom add -f vpd.bin -n vpd.bin -t raw
Useful unmerged patches
This is a list of useful coreboot patches that have either been rejected for bureaucratic reasons, or just not yet merged.
- Remove 3Gbps SATA speed limit link
Possible hardware upgrades
Luckily, the Pavilion Chromebook 14 is an older generation where not all components are tightly integrated. As a result, this Chromebook is reasonably upgradeable.
The SSD has a standard SATA data+power connector (SFF-8482). As a result, the drive can be replaced with any 2.5" drive that is 10mm high or slimmer.
This Chromebook comes with 2 SODIMM slots. The first slot is populated, and the second one is free.
Each slot is connected to a separate memory channel. This laptop is dual-channel capable if upgraded. It comes with only one DIMM, so it operates in single channel by default.
Each slot has been verified to boot successfully with dual-rank DIMMs (16 dram chips). The following table lists the tested 2-DIMM combinations in green, and untested in yellow.
In theory, the memory controller on the Celeron 847 CPU supports 16 GiB. This Chromebook has been tested with up to 8GiB (2x4GiB DIMMs). It is unclear if 8 GiB DIMMs are supported, and if a 2x8GiB arrangement will yield 16 GiB of usable DRAM (minus framebuffer).
The memory controller is limited to DDR3-1333. DDR3-1333 and faster DIMMs will be limited to 1333 MHz by the memory controller.
Low-Voltage (1.35V) DIMM support
It is unclear (and untested) if this Chromebook will run low-voltage capable DIMMs at 1.35V instead of 1.5V. According to the coreboot source, it will not, but it is unclear whether enabling the LV support bit will run the DIMMs at 1.35V.