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The machine has:

- Chipset: Intel QM77
- GPU's: Intel Integrated HD Graphics
       : Discrete NVIDIA NVS 5400M (1 GB VRAM) with Optimus Technology

and pci configuration of:

-[0000:00]-+-00.0  8086:0154
           +-02.0  8086:0166
           +-16.0  8086:1e3a
           +-19.0  8086:1502
           +-1a.0  8086:1e2d
           +-1b.0  8086:1e20
           +-1c.0-[02]----00.0  1180:e823
           +-1c.1-[03]----00.0  8086:4238
           +-1d.0  8086:1e26
           +-1f.0  8086:1e55
           +-1f.2  8086:1e03
           \-1f.3  8086:1e22

Proprietary components status

  • CPU Microcode (optional)
  • ME(Management Engine) => you do not have to touch it (just leave it where it is)
  • EC(Embedded Controller) => you do not have to touch it (just leave it where it is)


Intel_Native_Raminit has it's own status page.

Device/functionality Status Comments
CPU works OK
L1 cache enabled OK Always on
L2 cache enabled OK Always on
L3 cache enabled N/A
Multiple CPU support N/A
Multi-core support OK
Hardware virtualization OK
DDR3 OK Native
Dual channel support OK
ECC support N/A
On-board Hardware
On-board IDE 3.5" N/A
On-board IDE 2.5" N/A
On-board SATA OK
On-board SCSI N/A
On-board USB OK
On-board VGA OK BIOS/console: works.
On-board Ethernet OK
On-board Audio OK Basic two channel audio works fine.
On-board Modem N/A
On-board FireWire N/A
On-board Smartcard reader N/A
On-board CompactFlash N/A
On-board PCMCIA N/A
On-board Wifi Untested
On-board Bluetooth Untested
On-board SD card reader N/A
Add-on slots/cards
ISA add-on cards N/A
Audio/Modem-Riser (AMR/CNR) cards N/A
PCI add-on cards OK
Mini-PCI add-on cards N/A
Mini-PCI-Express add-on cards Unknown
PCI-X add-on cards N/A
AGP graphics cards N/A
PCI Express x1 add-on cards OK
PCI Express x2 add-on cards N/A
PCI Express x4 add-on cards N/A
PCI Express x8 add-on cards N/A
PCI Express x16 add-on cards OK
PCI Express x32 add-on cards N/A
HTX add-on cards N/A
Legacy / Super I/O
Floppy N/A
Serial port 1 (COM1) N/A
Serial port 2 (COM2) N/A
Parallel port N/A
PS/2 keyboard OK
PS/2 mouse OK
Game port N/A
Infrared N/A
PC speaker OK
DiskOnChip N/A
Trackpoint OK
Touchpad OK
Fn Hotkeys OK
Fingerprint Reader OK
Docking VGA OK
Docking LAN OK
Docking USB OK
Docking Audio Untested
Docking Displayport Untested
Thinklight OK
Webcam OK
Sensors / fan control OK
Hardware watchdog OK Disabled early.
CAN bus N/A
CPU frequency scaling OK
Other powersaving features N/A
ACPI WIP Mostly working, needs a good Review!
Reboot OK
Poweroff OK
Suspend OK
Nonstandard LEDs N/A
High precision event timers (HPET) OK
Random number generator (RNG) OK
Wake on modem ring N/A
Wake on LAN Untested
Wake on keyboard Untested
Wake on mouse Untested
TPM Unknown
Flashrom OK MXIC MX25L3206E 4MB SPI Flash

Building Firmware

Please have a look at Intel_Sandybridge_Build_Tutorial.


Location of the SPI chips

T530 has 2 flash chips of 8M and 4M. They're concatenated to one virtual flash chip of 12M which is itself subdivided in roughly in 4 parts:

  • Descriptor (12K)
  • ME firmware (5M-12K)
  • GbE firmware
  • System flash (7M)

The 'Descriptor' region locks the flash and so you need to flash externally. ME firmware region is not readable from the CPU.

More precisely:

 0x54: 0x00000000 FREG0: Warning: Flash Descriptor region (0x00000000-0x00000fff) is read-only.
 0x58: 0x0bff0500 FREG1: BIOS region (0x00500000-0x00bfffff) is read-write.
 0x5C: 0x04ff0003 FREG2: Warning: Management Engine region (0x00003000-0x004fffff) is locked.
 0x60: 0x00020001 FREG3: Gigabit Ethernet region (0x00001000-0x00002fff) is read-write


Proceeds as follows:

  • Turn off your laptop, remove battery and AC adapter.
  • Dismantle machine.
  • Connect external SPI flasher to the 4MB chip.

Remark: You will need a SOIC clip to connect an external SPI programmer.

Flashing Process

1.) Read out the flash to make a backup Twice, compare to ensure they match and then save a copy of it on external media:

flashrom -p <yourprogrammer> -r flash.bin
flashrom -p <yourprogrammer> -r flash2.bin
diff flash.bin flash2.bin

If they don't match, do not proceed and if the file size is 8M you are flashing the wrong chip.

2.) Since you have to write only top 4M out of the 12M coreboot.rom, first split out those 4M by:

 dd of=top.rom bs=1M if=build/coreboot.rom skip=8

Then use flashrom to flash top.rom.